Posts Tagged ‘sts-134’

Arguably the night of May 31 / June 1, 2011, will go down as one of the greatest nights in the shuttle program. In the evening the final shuttle mission continued toward launch with the rollout of the shuttle Atlantis from the Vehicle Assembly Building.

Game on! The sign tells it all -- behind Pete to the left is the landing field. Endeavour is coming home tonight, but that's not all that will happen tonight at the Cape.

Before the Atlantis arrived at Pad 39-A, hours later, Endeavour slipped out of orbit 200 miles above the Earth between the Indian Ocean and Ausralia and glided back to Earth for more than sixty minutes, landing at Kennedy at 2:32 am ending the second to last mission in the 30-year shuttle program.

Along the way there were interviews with the crew that will fly the last mission ever, and opportunities to photograph the Atlantis at 39-A as the sun rose over her, and as the sun was setting on the American shuttle program itself.

By dawn, June 1, 2011, the second to last shuttle mission was over, and the final mission, STS-135, was on the launch pad, poised ready to begin. Lift-off is scheduled no earlier than July 8, 2011 — but there is talk of bumping the launch up to July 4.

The following 25 photographs, taken between 4 pm and 4 am, document only a part of this remarkable evening and morning at the Cape.

The Vehicle Assembly Building, diagram. Let's get oriented -- where are we going? Here's your floor plan of the Vehicle Assembly Building. First we'll enter the Transfer Aisle from the "you are here" at bottom of the diagram walking first forward through Areas K, L, M and N, largely storage areas, albeit it huge ones. Straight ahead is the door through which the shuttles entered when being brought over from their hangars. Inbetween us, and the Transfer Aisle are Areas K,L,M and N, the ceiling of the VAB, while high, is much lower. and then we'll turn into High Bay 1 between Towers D and E. Here our photographs will be on the ground floor, 4th floor, 5th floor and 16th floor. All locations in the photographs will be identified. The VAB is 37 floors, roughly 500 feet, but the shuttle only reaches to about th 16th floor. During the Apollo Moon program in the 1960s and early 1970s, all of the height of the VAB was required to assemble the Apollo rockets.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, main floor. The main hallway of the Vehicle Assembly Building where only 10 days before the Atlantis was wheeled in, turned upright and lifted 500 feet up, and then back down, and placed on the crawler that tonight and tomorrow morning will carry her to Pad 39-A, and on to space.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, main floor. This is the Crawler -- slow but steady. Once it begins moving it is about 6 hours from VAB to Pad 39-A, a distance of a few miles that is transversed on a roadway of small river rock.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 5th floor. The Crawler upper deck. The media herded between the main level, and floors 4, 5 and 16. A lack of personnel, and a growing disdain for the media by all but a few of the Kennedy Space Center personnel has created problems, perhaps compounded by the difficulty of sorting out legitimate media in an era of bloggers and decreased resources of traditional media such as daily newspapers and television networks.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 5th floor. Isn't she beautiful. The Atlantis perched and secured atop the Crawler. The shuttles are breathtaking, the closer you are to them, and the more you learn about these remarkably engineering machines, the more in awe are you of the men and women who built them, serviced and protected them, and flew them.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 16th floor. , and through the window is the crawlway. That is not a two-lane divided highway you are looking at. The crawler's giant paws run are on each of that grassy divider and, by the way, they need the room. In a few moments, the crawler and Atlantis will head out onto what appears to be a four lane divided interstate. It's no interstate. This road is a one way crawlway for the shuttle.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 16th floor. In the distance is Launch Pad 39-A lighted, and beyond is the Atlantic Ocean. The launch pads are on the shore.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 16th floor. Another view of the bay, looking downward from the 16th floor.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 16th floor. Photographers lean forward over yawning openings in the assembly bays, often pointing their cameras straight down. On some levels they are allowed out onto even narrower catwalks on each side of the bay. Note the reenforcing of the walkway. The other side of this catwalk overlooks the Transfer Aisle.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 16th floor. There is nothing clean, nor safe, about the VAB. The catwalks are narrow and the open spaces are, of necessity, huge. It is often dirty, as with this piece of electrical equipment from which the paint is chipping off. As someone said, "nobody's cleaned anything up in decades up here"


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 16th floor. Elevator shafts are guarded only by metal mesh. The VAB is an industrial facility, utilitarian, not meant to be pretty.


The Vehicle Assembly Building, 16th floor. Warning signs are everywhere in the VAB, in elevators, on catwalks, in the hallways.



Vehicle Assembly Building, 4th floor. Going .... When the crawler begins to move, the shuttle exits the VAB fairly quickly. The crawler is slow but steady and in minutes it is gone, the bay cleaned up and gates and fences re-erected.


Vehicle Assembly Building, 4th floor. Going ... Once out of the VAB, the shuttle is bathed in light. Earlier in the program the shuttles were moved from the VAB to the Pad in the morning, but during the final launches, the shuttles were only moved at night. The press, often invited to walk along during the day to the pad, was barred during the final missions.


Vehicle Assembly Building, main floor. Gone! ... gates have been closed and the shuttle Atlantis has left the VAB for the final time, barring weather conditions that would require her to return for safety. The future of the VAB, the largest building in the world in terms of volume, is uncertain, but government officials are profiling the building for several companies that have expressed interest in acquiring the building. Who are they? No one will say, but word is three companies are interested.

The landing of the Endeavour, and the end of the second to last mission, STS-134.
With the final shuttle out of the VAB and another major step of the final shuttle mission, STS-135, accomplished, attention turned to the Shuttle Endeavour which had been at the International Space Station until two days before, and which was now preparing to land at Kennedy Space Center’s shuttle landing facility.

NASA began running the press buses the short distance to the SLF (shuttle landing facility) at 11:30 pm. Carol Anne caught the first bus.

Unlike the landing of Discovery in February, which was a daylight landing, this landing would be at 2:32 am — and, given the excellent weather conditions, it seemed likely that Endeavour would land on the first of its two landing opportunities. If it could not land, the Eneadavour would remain in orbit another day and would have two additional landing opportunities the fiollowing night. The landing opportunities have to do with the orbit tracks. Each time the shuttle orbits it tracks a slightly different course. Only a couple of those tracks are suitable for landing in Florida while other tracks are suitable for other landing sites such as White Sands, New Mexico and Edwards Air Force Base, California.

In February, we had photographed the landing from the north end of the SLF (shuttle landing facility = runway). Tonight we would photograph from mid-stride of the landing field at “The Tower” where there are grandstands and other facilities.

But reality was, on a largely moonless night, we would suspected that we would witness the landing of the Endeavour, but get nothing in terms of photographs. That proved to be true.

At 12:30 am I climbed in the second of two media buses and joined Carol Anne at the SLF. The weather was so favorable, the Endeavour was cleared to do its landing burn well in advance. She was coming home. The burn slows the speed of the shuttle from nearly 18,000 miles an hour causing it to slip out of orbit. By the time the shuttle lands sixty minutes following the de-orbit burn, she is flying at only 200 miles an hour.

The de-orbit burn is about 60 minutes before landing and takes place almost exactly on the other side of the world. This morning it was off India over the Indian Ocean near Australia. Once the de-orbit burn begins, the shuttle has no where to go except to the SLF in Florida. Her speed no longer sustains orbit.

After that burn for 60 minutes everyone waits knowing she is coming.

Shuttle Landing Field Tower at Kennedy Space Center. Grandstands for the media and VIPs are just below the tower. The tower is halfway down the runway known as the SLF, shuttle landing facility. The shuttle takes about 2/3s of the runway to land. The shuttle leaves orbit at 18,000 miles an hour about 220 miles up and touches down 60 minutes later at 200 mph at sea level.


Runway, shuttle landing field, Kennedy Space Center. TV and electronic media set up on the south side of the grandstand at the SLF. Nobody got much in the way of pictures when Endeavour landed because it was so dark.


Runway, shuttle landing field, Kennedy Space Center. The convoy which will service the shuttle after landing, tow her back to the hangars and pick up the astronauts, arrives about 30 minutes before landing and waits just off the runway midway down the field. The convoy uses the same road the media uses to get to the grandstand. Because of the size of the convoy, the media must, therefore, go to the grandstand area first. The convoy fills the road making further passage difficult. That's why, in spite of the grumbling, the final media buses to the SLF must leave the press site so early.


Runway, shuttle landing field, Kennedy Space Center. The media arrives as much as 3 hours before landing with little to do except lounge against walls or make phone calls. Internet and cellphone coverage is now excellent at the landing field unlike earlier days. With desks the media are able to work. Well, unless you are eaten by bugs. Bring bug spray when you come.


Runway, shuttle landing field, Kennedy Space Center. Work areas in the grandstand are surprisingly good, clean and well lighted. Views of the runway are also excellent in daylight or on nights with full moons.


Runway, shuttle landing field, Kennedy Space Center. The northern end of runway 15 where the shuttle was scheduled to land was well lit.


Runway, shuttle landing field, Kennedy Space Center. Tracking the shuttle and monitoring mission control in Houston was easy. Here I have the tracking on my iPhone which is logged onto http://www.nasa.gov, a superb web site. At this time the shuttle was approaching central America 42 miles above the earth.


Runway, shuttle landing field, Kennedy Space Center. The landing. You don't see anything? If you had been there you would have. The shuttle appears suddenly emerging out of the night fog and WHOOSHES by. It is breathtaking, but photography was impossible more sophisticated equipment and a much better vantage point. I have covered dozens of launches and landings in California and Florida. Itt never gets old. It gets me every time.

Here are some NASA photographs of the landing from better angles and better equipment.

NASA photograph of Endeavour landing, 1


NASA photograph of Endeavour landing, 2

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.”petecrow/NASA” © 2011 by / Peter M. Crow and the Peter Michael Crow Trust and by Seine/Harbour® Productions, LLC, Studio City, California.

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The Orbiter Atlantis is scheduled to be rolled out to Pad 39A from the Vehicle Assembly Building beginning at 8 pm, Tuesday night, May 31, 2011. This STS-135 mission will be the final in the 30-year American Space Shuttle program. Atlantis is scheduled to be launched no earlier than July 8, 2011 — this will be the final launch of a shuttle.

.The Orbiter Endeavour is scheduled to land at Kennedy Space Center’s Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF = runway) at 2 am Wednesday morning, June 1, 2011. This will be the end of the STS-134 mission, the second to last in the shuttle program. Endeavour, the newest of the five shuttles, will be retired at the end of this mission.


here’s some help to begin planning from NASA and the Kennedy Space Center
NASA list of best viewing sites to watch shuttle launches HERE

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NASA’s stunning photographs of the launch of STS-134 are HERE.

Pictures here are from 2 seconds after ignition through disappearance of the Shuttle Endeavour into clouds at 5,000 feet at about 8:57 EDT, Monday, May 16, 2011 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. The launch is from the only remaining operational shuttle launch pad, Pad 39-A.

2 Seconds into Launch

4 Seconds into Launch

10 Seconds into Launch

15 Seconds into Launch

22 Seconds into Launch

Gone! -- 26 Seconds into Launch. This was one of the quickest disappearance of the shuttle into clouds in the history of the program, a NASA spokesman said at a press conference later in the morning.

.”petecrow/NASA” © 2011 by / Peter M. Crow and the Peter Michael Crow Trust and by Seine/Harbour® Productions, LLC, Studio City, California.

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3 am, media center parking lot. The parking lot has filled again. We are parked in the front row and four buses have arrived to take those who wish to go out to the astronaut dormitory. The Astronauts will walk out and onto the van to carry them to the pad at a scheduled 5:11 am.

Main Media Center, Kennedy Space Center, 4:29 am, Monday, May 16, 2011. Most think, me too, that a lot fewer media have returned for the second attempt to launch the Endeavour. The first attempt on April 29, was scrubbed about three hours before launch because of a faulty switchbox.

The arrival of the buses awakes me. It is good news. It means the mission is still on, and that the shuttle has been fueled while I slept. It means the Astronauts are still scheduled to launch this morning. We are on a three hour built-in hold. Actual launch is slightly less than six hours from now.

3:15 am media center. Filling up, but nothing like the April 29 launch. In the parking lot we have met friend and fellow journalist Jim Siegel who reports for the Celebration Independent. He took his chances and left after the RSS yesterday. He had no trouble returning to the Cape — little traffic and no line at the security gate.

Carol Anne has dithered, but has now decided to go to the Astronaut walkout. Security check is 3:45 am and the buses head out at 4 am. The coffee truck has arrived — we go over to get some coffee. The coffee again has no coffee.

NBC and CBS have their own buildings on "the mound" which is the high ground at the back of the media site. ABC these days has a rented mobile home type facility parked in the parking lot at the base of the mound. Local TV stations are allowed to park their vans in a reserved part of the parking lot where power and feeds from NASA are piped directly to them. This parking lot was almost full on April 29. When this photograph was taken about 8:30 pm pm May 15, 2011, not so much. ... and yes!, between the trucks the Countdown clock is visible. Beyond the clock, not visible, is Pad 39A where the Endeavour was waiting to be launched.

3:30 am media center. I check on the weather. Candrea K. Thomas, public affairs officer, tells me — still a 30-percent chance of weather problems. Only challenges appear to be some crosswinds. I ask her about chances of an aditional tour of several NASA facilities. Cheerfully, she says she’ll start a list “send me an email” and if I’m around on Tuesday, she’ll see what she can do. I immediately send her an email, then walk back over and tell her it has been sent.

3:45 am. The cafeteria. I have debated whether it is worth the five-minute walk across the street to the cafeteria for coffee. I finally give in and head over. This place, too, is empty. Where is everybody? The cafeteria opened at 1 am “but business has been very light” the cashier tells me. We both agree that many fewer people are returning for the second attempt to launch the Endeavor.

Good news — the cafeteria brews Starbucks. I mainline a couple of swigs of coffee as I walk back and, whoa, finally my headlights come fully on and I am awake.

The media are all here. The Astronauts are at the launch site, Pad 39A. It is a chillier than expected dawn. It is 5:45 am at the Cape.

5:45 am media center. Carol Anne has returned from shooting the Astronauts loading onto the van. She has emailed me using her iPhone a half hour earlier that it is freezing out there. She checks through the media cventer and then heads for the car to go back to sleep. She will re-surface in another hour.

6:30 am Tweetup area. I go looking again for the Tweeters and have finally found them scattered in several bleachers and in chairs. They were allowed in to watch the RSS Sunday morning, and then allowed back into the media center Sunday evening. I find one of the several Tweeters who actually was here before. Supposedly, once you have been here, you are now allowed back, but because Tweeters sometimes cancel too late for NASA to replace them, they invite other Tweeters who have already cleared security. The rules that I have been told, and the experience of this second-time Tweeter don’t quite match, but no matter.

The enthusiasm of the Tweeters is impossible to undermine.

No tent? Who cares!

Long before 5am about eighty Tweeters have settled into two sets of bleachers from all over the world. They are of good cheer. Even returning to find their tent, tables, air conditioning and that neat astronaut suit they could climb up into and have their picture taken is gone doesn't seem to phase them.

Their tables are gone? Who needs tables?

No air conditioning? Who needs it with this kind of weather.

Eighty of the original 150 Tweeters here on the scrubbed April 29 launch are back and their good spirits and elan are undiminished. Allowing them to see the RSS Sunday morning was a major hit, and for them an unexpected surprise.

7:40 am media center. Carol Anne has moved to our workspace in the annex after a large round table I staked out earlier in the morning has filled up. Internet in the main media center is sagging, probably due to everybody being on it.

She asks me where I’m going to watch the launch. “The mound.”

Where you watch the launch really doesn’t much matter — it’s hard to miss when the shuttle launches. We’ve even photographed it from our second story porch in Celebration, FL, forty miles away.

7:44 am media center. The launch clock reads 21 minutes 39 seconds. To actual launch, with the upcoming built-in holds, launch is now 74 minutes away. Here we go.

Following launch, one hour later, is the post-launch press conference, about the time the shuttle will be passing overhead on its first orbit.

If Endeavour launches this morning, we’ll be back at the Cape before 7 am Tuesday morning for the rollover of the shuttle Atlantis (STS-135) from the orbiter processing facility (OPF = the hangar) to the vehicle assembly building (VAB). This will be the final rollover ever, and the beginning of the final launch in the shuttle program.

…. post launch preconferences on gabby giffords and on launch, block house jack king …. coming 1250pm

“petecrow/NASA” © 2011 by / Peter M. Crow and the Peter Michael Crow Trust and by Seine/Harbour® Productions, LLC, Studio City, California.

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As soon as we pulled off for the obligatory morning picture of the Days-to-Launch sign, cars pulled off and piled up around us. Happy surprise -- we've been hanging and talking with these guys. This is a busy picture. I'm taking a picture of them, including Carol Anne who is taking a picture of them, and the guy on the far right is taking a picture of me. Covering stories like shuttle launches, reporters are easily amused and often have too much time on their hands for stuff like this.

This morning we will move to the Cape and remain at the Pad 39 Media Site at Kennedy Space Center until either STS-134 is launched, or until the mission is scrubbed.

8:30 am, Celebration, FL. With Carol Anne in tow, we make the morning provisioning stop at a donut shop across on Highway 192, then head onto the 417 for the Beachline (State 528) and the coast. As expected traffic at this hour on a Sunday morning is nill.

We are on our way to watch the rotating service structure (RSS) be retracted from the shuttle at Pad 39-A. It is scheduled for Noon, and we have to be on the bus and clear of security by 10:30 am. No problem. We breeze over to the coast and through the gates onto Kennedy Space Center and arrive early. The day is surprisingly comfortable with a breeze and although the sun is out, humidity is low.

I’ve covered this event before, but Carol Anne has not. I notice that the media has been moved back from the gate leading up to the launch pad another few yards. It doesn’t matter. If someone is in front of you, as the tripod guys always are, just step back a few feet and you can see the entire pad. It’s not hard to miss.

Roughly a quarter to a third of the 1,500 accredited reporters showed up for the trip out to Pad 39-A Sunday morning, May 15, 2011, to watch the rotating service structure (RSS) be retracted from the shuttle. As a result, NASA needed a tons of buses. The rotating service structure (RSS) retraction is shown in a sequence of five pictures -- scroll down. It's the next post following this.

11:50 am, Pad 39-A. Happily, and surprisingly, the rotating service structure (RSS) begins about 10-minutes ahead of schedule and well before 1 pm we are back at the Media Center.

To see the Retraction of the rotating service structure (RSS) : scroll down — the retraction is shown in a series of five pictures in the post directly following this post.

1 pm, media center. This place is still empty, and as we left the bus we noticed the parking lot was emptying out. We have a short debate as to whether we should leave KSC and find lunch. It is a short debate. We have so much time that it cannot matter even if we begin to get caught in the growing crowds that will likely be flocking to the Cape later this afternoon and evening.

I field a phone call from my cousin. A friend of his, a motion picture director, wants my advice as to where he (the director and his family) should view the launch.

The shuttles are brought to the launch pads on Crawlers. The roadbed of the Crawlway is river rock from Alabama and Tennessee. Pete Crow is among the reporters and photographers lying on the Shuttle Crawler near Pad 39 A on Sunday, May 15, 2011, waiting for the RSS to be retracted from Shuttle Eneavour. This is the second to last shuttle mission, STS-134.

Well, ahem, he probably should have bluffed his way into the VIP section starting weeks ago, but it’s too late now. I am running a link to the public viewing areas that NASA recommends on each of these blog posts because it is often difficult to find the link on the NASA site. I refer them to NASA and that link and am hoping for the best for them. Fact is, in all the launches I’ve seen, I’ve only watched one outside of the press site so I’m a complete pilgrim on where to watch launches around here.

1:30 pm Shuttles Restaurant. Shuttles is an amiable sports bar south of Kennedy Space Center Gate 2 on State Highway 3. We first found it a few launches ago. It is much closer than retreating all the way to Titusville to the west or going all the way south to Cocoa Beach. The real draw of this place, however, is the great food.

Shuttles, a sports bar, on State Road 3 south of the entrance to KSC. Good food, but could it be an endangered species? -- with the shuttle program ending, this could put a great restaurant/sports bar under duress unless you drive over and have a bite and a beer every so often. And no, my brother-in-law doesn't own the place.

Shuttles, winkwink, is obviously named for the Space Shuttles, but someone around there also seems to be a Boston Red Sox fan.

The place is empty. Good for us, but not so good for Shuttles. We are completely mis-gauging the size of the crowds. So far the roads are completely empty. In the end we zip over to Shuttles and back seeing virtually no cars.

3:00 pm Media Center. We ease into the empty media parking lot. We now suspect that the media will filter in beginning early evening. If we’re right, and if the media is coming at all, this is a new age. It used to be that the media would be here .

4:00 pm. Carol Anne is out sleeping in the car and I’m in the completely empty media annex where my work space is. I have checked the adjoining workspaces and now find most are unassigned. On April 29, they were all assigned. Apparently lots of media organizations are not returning.

Astronaut Michael Good being interviewed. There's plenty to hate about Astronauts -- they're good-looking, articulate, intelligent and they're the kind of guys who always get the girl. The problem is, however, they're also likable, intelligent and engaging to be around. I encountered Mr. Good briefly as he passed through the annex on his way to interviews on Sunday, May 15, 2011.

The lost Astronaut. A guy in a blue jump suit has wandered into the annex and is drfiting around looking lost. He hwinds up at the back tables behind me reading names of organizations taped to the tables.

He is astronaut Michael T. Good who he flew on two shuttle missions and now lives in Colorado. Check his entire NASA bio out HERE .It’s worth reading. I’ve interviewed Astronauts over the years. It is hard not to be holy-freaking-cow about Astronauts — about where they have been, about how superbly trained they are, about how just plain gutsy it is to climb the shuttle and be launched at many times the force of gravity into space, and lots more.

I’m standing here face-to-face with a guy who has logged seven minutes shy of 30 hours of walking in space, and flown two shuttle missions (May 2009, STS-125, and May 2010, STS-132).

With Astronauts, and with anyone you’re interviewing, the thrust of any story is always “tell me about it”. But with Astronauts? — how can they ever really tell you about it?

I go back and introduce myself to Astronaut Good. I ask him if interviews with Astronauts that NASA is offering are one-on-one or in crowds. He says he has no idea, and in fact says he is lost, adding he is rarely if ever has been to the media site. We walk over to the main media site and we chat along the way. In the main media center he is quickly oriented, finds his NASA handler and heads for his scheduled interviews.

10 pm, media site. Gorgeous night at the Cape. Gentle wind, nearly full moon, humidity is low. Carol Anne and I walk the site, still looking for the Tweeters. Of the 150, only 80 will return. NASA polled them to see who wanted to come back a second time. Only half were able to do so. Tweeters pay their own way; last time the April 29 launch was on a Friday.

Back at the media center, I move my stuff from the annex to an open table in the back of the main media center. Only three NASA personnel are working the site, including an affable PR woman from Marshall Space Flight in Huntsville, AL. We chat. It has been years since I have been in Huntsville, but in the 1950s my brother-in-law worked as a very junior memberon Wernher von Braun‘s engineering team there at Redstone Arsenal, and another brother-in-law’s family owned the Coca-Cola bottling company there and a lot of the downtown. My eldest niece was even born there.

A long time ago. The town has grown.

Media too seem to be missing in action. From my past experiences of being buried in traffic, I may have over-reacted to the number of people who would be flowing out to the Cape to watch the launch.

I’m weary and head for the car to sleep. Before I go I see that the media is being invited to watch the launch from Banana Creek, the VIP site. I sign up, but before I go I’ll check and try to learn more about it.

A decision on whether to fuel will be made at 11 pm. and if the go is given, the tanks will be filled shortly before 3 am. I’ll be asleep long before either event. … and to to bed.

“petecrow/NASA” © 2011 by / Peter M. Crow and the Peter Michael Crow Trust and by Seine/Harbour® Productions, LLC, Studio City, California.

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NASA list of best viewing sites to watch shuttle launches HERE
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Launch Pad 39-A shortly before rotating service structure (RSS) retraction began.

This series of photographs shows the retraction of the rotating service structure (RSS) that keeps the shuttle safe on the launching pad which must be retracted in the hours before launch. The retraction of the rotating service structure (RSS) from the shuttle Endeavor was scheduled for Noon EDT, Sunday, May 15, 2011. In fact, it began a few minutes early. Retraction takes about 45 minutes. The next major step for the launch is fueling. This is scheduled to begin at 11:36 pm, May 16, 2011, roughly twelve hours after the RSS has been retracted. The Astronauts will be brought to the launch pad starting about 4 am. If all goes well Endeavour will lift off Pad 39-A at 8:56 am, Monday, May 16, 2011, on her way to the International Space Station.

This is the final launch of the Endeavour, the newest member of the shuttle fleet. Mission STS-134 is the second to last shuttle mission.

Launch Pad 39-A shortly before retraction of the rotating service structure (RSS) began.




Retraction of rotating service structure (RSS) complete. Ready to go fly. Retraction was completed about 20-minutes ahead of schedule. With actual launch 21 hours away, weather remained unchanged with only a 30-percent chance of unfavorable weather scrubbing the flight.

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NASA list of best viewing sites to watch shuttle launches HERE

My photographer is back so today I get my picture taken in front of the sign. If I had not held the camera sideways, I would have used her picture instead.

The Cape, 8:10 am. I call the media center to confirm the day’s events. The countdown clock is running now, but not much is scheduled . At noon there will be a drive-around for the media, much like the visitor’s center seems to conduct for tourists. Apparently it will include a drive-by launch pad 39-A where the Endeavour wil be launched, and around the rest of the complex. It’s not clear where the bus will go, but I am later told that “we’ll drive around until everybody gets tired”. Nobody gets off the bus. Nobody quite knows how long the event will last.

No problem.

I sign up along with Carol Anne, who is accredited as my photographer. We are the number one and two people on the list.

Looks like they won’t need a big bus.

The countdown clock is running. Because of multiple planned holds, the clock does not reflect the actual time to the launch which is still about 46 hours away. Instead it reflects the time to launch without the built-in delays. Confused yet? The shuttle is scheduled to launch at 8:56 am Monday morning.

9:30 am, media center. Van convoy is leaving for the photographers to do their setups. Media center itself is empty. I confirm that next briefing is at 4 pm; bus ride still on for noon. Signup sheets for tomorrow events are not yet up,

The New Zealand guy. I’ve been camping in the main media center because it is mostly empty and somewhat more convenient than my work space in the annex. Moeover, the annex is empty and vaguely lonely. Besides a couple of guys who sit in the back and mumble, nobody except a guy with a clipboard has shown up over there for days. The Clipboard guy was inventorying the stuff in the annex making sure no one has carted anything off. He actually knocked on the door before entering giving anyone who was stealing anything an extra moment to stuff stolen items in their pants.

The New Zealand guy was leaning against the work space I was using in the main media building. Since it was not mine, I assumed it was his. But no. He was just leaning. We struck up a conversation.

He was surprised I’d been to New Zealand. “You actually have been there? You actually know where it is?” I mentioned the Tasman Sea to prove what a world traveler I am and, as I had hoped, he was at least vaguely impressed. “Not the most amiable patch of water in the world, eh?”

CLICK TO ENLARGE == This commemoration sign was for many years on the grandstand which was destroyed in the hurricanes in 2004. It is now affixed to a building adjacent who where the grandstand was.

No, my experience was that the Tasman Sea could be very unfriendly.

I asked him if he had covered launches before. Like many reporters that are here, he had not. Also like most accredited media, he has paid his own way from New Zealand.

The problem for him is, as it is for most journalists who come a long distance, that once a shuttle launch is delayed, they are marooned. It is too expensive to go back home and return, but there is little for them to do except to run through their money.

That has happened to the NZ guy who is desparate for the launch to go on Monday.

Can he stay another few days and see the prep begin for the final launch? Alas, he is broke — he must leave on Monday, launch or no launch. He cannot even stay one more day and see the final rollover of the shuttle Atlantis?

Birds have set up shop on the top of a lightpost in the media parking lot. They'll have a better view of the launch than even the President of the United States, if Mr. Obama shows up again for Monday's second attempt.


Later I discuss him with Carol Anne and we decide that if I can find him, we’ll take him home and feed and house him, if he wants. He’s spending $1,000 a week for just hotels and is tapped out.

Noon, the bus tour. The press site is empty, and the bus tour is even emptier. At best the bus NASA is sending off to hit the launch site’s high spots in half full. The tourguide, who is really a security guy, asks for people who have never toured these facilities to raise their hands. In the back one man raises his hand. “Wait! ALL of you have toured all of these facilities before?”


And then off we go.

The first stop is Pad 39-A and we circle the pad where the Endeavour sits, ready to go. On the way out to the pad we pass one of the Crawlers. Then we circle on a road on the ocean side of KSC and briefly pass the old abandoned US Highway 1A1 which heads northward, north of Pad39-A. In a few moments we circle south of Pad 39-B which, like 39-A was both a shuttle and an Apollo launch pad. Pad 39-B is being torn down. A couple of weeks ago we visited this pad and shot pictures of it. Now we can see how the teardown is progressing.

The noon tour of KSC facilities resulted in a surprise. All except one on the press bus have seen everything before and were joy-riding. The surprised NASA guide cheerfully hauled the press off anyway regaling with them with rarely told tales including the fates of the Columbia and Challenger shuttles, both of which were lost.

We visit the shuttle landing facility (the runway) and then circle through the Banana Creek Viewing site. Whoa. This is way off limits usually — this is where the VIPs watch the launches and where the press never sets foot. IO study the view. Actually, I think the press site is better, but I figure I better keep that to myself. The VIPs might grab the press site, and the media then would find itself up Banana Creek.

The Challenger and the Columbia. In the entire program NASA lost only two crews — a remarkable achievement in a program as dangerous as this. On the bus our guide drifts into a discussion of where the lost shuttles are. This is not a topic often discussed, nor a question often asked — and, indeed, the question is not being asked today. It’s a painful subject not merely for the NASA personnel who knew the lost crews, but for the media, who almost universally loves the space program and NASA.

But today the guide is volunteering information on the lost shuttles.

The remains of the Shuttle Columbia are, he tells us, stored in boxes in the Vehicle Assembly Building. Perhaps on the fourth and fifth floors of Tower A. Perhaps on the 16th floor. More pieces of this lost shuttle are being found in Texas all the time, we are told, and more therefore are coming to KSC for storage. Supposedly, these pieces are from time to time used for research.

The remains of the Shuttle Challenger
were placed in a silo also at KSC, near or on the air force station, our guide continued. He said it is believed that the salt air of the oceans has thorough denegrated the pieces of the Challenger that were recovered from the ocean, and that nothing remains of the Challenger today.

Weather. As afternoon wore on, nasty storms moved in. But the weather for Monday still looked 70-percent good

Clarificiations — schedules are firming up. I sign up for the retraction of the arm at 39-A on Sunday morning as soon as the opportunity is offered. This is one of the last major steps in launch prep prior to fueling and will take place about Noon Sunday, roughly 21 hours before launch. I’ll photograph it, and Carol Anne will get it from another angle with different equipment.

Three astronauts will be available for interviews on Sunday and Monday. I dither. The schedule sheets quickly fill up. No astronaut interviews for us this time.

Moving to the Cape. When we leave Orlando Sunday morning it is unclear when we will return.

After covering the retraction of the arm at 39-A Sunday afternoon, it would make no sense to leave the Cape. By late afternoon Sunday roughly 500,000 people will be pouring into the area around the Cape. If we leave Kennedy Space Center the roads to return to KSC will be jammed. I will stay and camp overnight Sunday night here.

I will not be alone — there likely will be upwards to 1,800 people overnighting at Press Site 39. Happily, NASA has anticipated the needs of the 1,500 expected media, plus those 150 Tweeters who by then will be back.

The NASA cafeteria will open at 1 am Monday morning.

The coffee and mobile canteen will arrive at the press site at 3 am Monday.

The press media office will open on Sunday morning at 6 am, and will not close until late Monday night.

Game on.

Bring blankets, food, gameboys, ipods and whatever else along because if you’re the media, you’re going to be out on this sandy strip of beach for a long while — a minimum of 24 hours and maybe longer.

I live for stuff like this.

4 pm briefing.The Cape is being pounded by a driving rain storm as the 4 pm briefing begins; hail which is threatened will not appear.

The cause of the problem that forced the April 29 abort has been found. A switch box which was supposed to be off when the shuttle returned from space last June was off — but it was off for the wrong reason. It had a short, and only in the last hours before launch of April 29 when the box was supposed to turn on was the problem discovered.

Weather has gotten dicey if the launch is postponed from Monday to Tuesday, but Wednesday weather has actually improved. Later next week? The pits.

Other questions are answered, but bottom line is, with a half-and-a-half to go to launch, all is still looking good.

topic to be added here, or tmw are X-15, X-20, the Block House and the historical roots of the shuttle …. and jack king … voice of apollo

…. 2038pm this post remains a worksinprogress for now.

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NASA list of best viewing sites to watch shuttle launches HERE
. . . . . . . . . . . .
8:45am, Orlando. I am on my way back to the coast and the Cape with plenty of time to make the 10 am briefing. And I would have had I not stopped to grab a fast food breakfast and to snap the picture at the left. What I didn’t figure were cars running as fast as possible up to the guard gate and cutting into line. Or the drawbridge being up for the second straight day on the Causeway — what are the chances of that?

10 am, media site. Preparations are underway in the parking lot for the influx of TV vans. Crews are laying yellow protectors for car to drive over, and cables to be tucked under. Today it is no kidding — there’s no close in parking and the lot for the TV vans is clear. I burro all my stuff into the media site.

10:05 am, press conference. Okay I’m late, but not serially late. Lots of re-visiting about the mechanicals that scrubbed the April 29 launch and whether the real cause has been found, or ever will be. Sounds to me like the answer is “never will be” but maybe is more “who cares” since everything seems to be working fine now.

Weather is 70-percent go on Monday morning’s launch, but there’s weather to be eyed on Sunday. If it doesn’t do what NASA thinks it will do, maybe the launch will be scrubbed again. The weather on Tuesday in only 60-percent chance, but Wednesday, if the launch is delayed that long, is a rosy 80-percent. On the other hand that is five days away. Still — these guys are awfully good at predicting weather.

Next press conference? Saturday, 4 pm.

Crowds. Will there be an estimated 700,000 people back on Monday for the launch? Probably not — probably coser to 500,000 since it is a weekday and a mid-morning launch (roughly 9 am).

The 10 am briefing was lightly attended with some, but not a lot of questions asked. Perhaps the biggest issue was answered in the briefing before the questions: Will the weather be okay for Monday's launch? So far, so good..

Tweeters. The Tweeter mystery has been solved. They will be back, albeit with truncated hours. They get to come back Sunday afternoon, and they have to leave after the Monday morning launch.

If the launch is delayed a second time, that’s it. Tweeters only get two bites of the apple — there’s no third-launch-opportunity for these 150 guys.

But where’s their tent? And their tables? And … Gone. All gone.

This time the Tweeters get to sit in bleachers. “That’s where most of them sat last time anyway.” — Hmmm.

“And, anyway! — last time they showed up with all kinds of stuff, including their own umbrellas.” Sort of like high tech beduoins? “Yes.” And the sun won’t get them? “No.” — Hmmm.

Will Tweeters be invited for STS-135, the final launch now scheduled for no earlier than June 28, 2011? “We’ll see.” The Tweeters bring along 150 additional cars for the parking lot, and if you think STS-134 is crowded (1,500 media), you ain’t seen nothing yet in terms of the media likely to show up for STS-135 and the shuttle’s swan song.

Still, it sort of sounded like Tweeters will be tweeting here come the STS-135 launch.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
“petecrow / NASA” is copyright © by Seine/Harbour® Productions, Studio City, California, and by Peter M Crow and the Peter Michael Crow Trust

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NASA list of best viewing sites to watch the upcoming shuttle launch is HERE

. . . . .

Dawn. Four days to launch of the second to last shuttle mission, STS-134 using the Endeavour orbiter, officially known as OV-105.

Endeavour is the newest and last member of the five shuttle fleet rolling out of the factory in Palmdale, CA in April 1991. Three shuttles survive. Endeavour was built to replace Challenger, the workhorse of the shuttle fleet, that was lost shortly after liftoff in 1986.

Weather looks surprisingly good, but that should be taken with a grain of salt. The launch is 96 hours away. That “70-percent chance” of launchable weather is an educated guess, but a guess. Moreover, it is May in Florida now — and May precedes the start of the hurricane season in June.

7:25 am, Celebration (Orlando/Kissimmee), Florida. I have decided to come to the Cape this morning to look around and see what’s up. The press media site opened again at 7 am this morning for the first time since the launch was scratched on Aril 29. The site will remain open from now through the landing — assuming Endeavour is launched without another prolonged delay.

I decided to ignore the signs saying to park in the over-flow lot, and then decided to just park in the front row right by the steps up to the media center. Very convenient. So, unnn, where is my car? (... actually it is in the second row)

8:05 am, Not surprisingly, the 417 and then the Beachline highway 528, are mostly empty.

How empty?

Only two tailgaters the entire way over to the Cape and only one guy who roars past me doing 100 mph on his way to his afterlife.

The Beachline is a chute — for thirty or so miles there are almost no exits. It is the most efficient road in central Florida so it is no surprise that the highway department is busy putting in more exits on the Beachline. Soon it will be a parking lot like everything else around here — and the tolls will go up.

As I drive along I think, I sure wish I owned a toll road.

8:10 am, I detour onto the I-95 and go to Titusville to have breakfast. OMG, a bus is in the parking lot of McDonald’s. Jeech! Every table except one is teeming with children. But wait — I order and am handed my breakfast and, moments later, everybody except me heads for the bus.

I’m tempted.

They sure look like a nice group and I’m figuring they are heading over to the space museum. Problem is if I climb on the bus with them, I’ll probably be noticed since I’m not black.

The first time I covered a launch at the Cape a guy sat out in the weeds on top of a coaxial cable junction box hoping nobody would kick it and thereby kick all communications of the launch to the outside world off line. Times have changed.

8:50 am, I coast to a stop as the drawbridge stop light turns red and the gate starts down. I turn the car off and climb out.

A guy and his wife from South Africa are in the next car and he climbs out as soon as I do. “Is it legal for us to get out of our cars?” he asks. I tell him the police will be waiting for him on the other side of the drawbridge. He and his wife exchange glances, then realize I’m a crackpot.

We become instant, 10-minute friends.

9:15 am, I park in the media center parking lot following arrows and abiding by the rules, but then decide — screw this — and move my car into one of the best places on the lot.

As I head for the media center, now mere steps away, I look around trying to remember what this place was like when I first came here in December 1972 for the last Moon mission (Apollo 17). They’ve built a lot and that grandstand I reported from is long gone. Mostly I can figure out what was where, but I finally decide to dig out my 1972 pictures and shoot new pictures from the same angles.

Yeah. That ought to do it.

Then I really look around.

The Tweeters. Uh-oh. The Tweeter tent is gone. The whole thing and everything in it — the chairs and the tables and that astronaut suit you could climb up into and have you picture taken as if you, too, were an astronaut. It is now just an open stretch of bad sandy no grass land as if those 150 tweeters never ever existed.

Okay. Well, maybe they’re going to put the tent up for them again later today.

Get a grip.

The tweeters are toast.

9:20 am, media center. Most of the other reporters and photographers are out at the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF = the runway) where the astronauts and their families are returning again from Houston. I have purposely arrived late and am missing it.

NASA Public Affairs officer directing the media toward the front of the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 27, 2011. As the shuttle program ends NASA is making all sort of sites available to the media including the shuttle hangars (known as the Oribter Processing Facilities or OPFs) and closer up looks at the landing field, a launch pad, and other places.

This is not a problem — I have photographed astronauts arriving several times before, and Carol Anne got the current crew’s first arrival on April 27.

She also got a pretty good case of sunburn and a case of dustmite from ingesting too much blowing crud out there. “It was hot out,” she grumbled upon returning. It was her first time photographing a crew arrival.

Well, of course, I tried to look sad and compassionate about it all, but fact is, I watched the crew arrival from the air conditioned media center and, if anything, had my own problems: it was a tad chilly in the media center that morning, although with a long sleeve shirt on, I was okay, thank you. But I kept most of that to myself.

9:30 am, Media Center. I ask about the weather and a woman says “I’m printing it now.” Can she give me a preview? “I haven’t read it myself,” she says, handing me a copy hot off the copier. “Don’t burn your fingers,” she says.

10:30 am, Media Center. The real reason I’m here today is to find out what’s coming, and to do that you sometimes have to hang around, watch and listen. Eventually I track down a woman I had visited with over in the OPF (shuttle hangar) last month and I confirm a few upcoming events I am interested in and she explains how they’re going to be handled.

Tweeter bleachers, but no Tweet tent and no Tweeters. Will they be back or are they gone forever? Tune in tomorrow.

11:00 am, I go over to what is left of the Tweeter site and look around. All that is left, for now at least, is a red parking cone and a few empty trash cans with fresh liners. I consider empty trash cans with fresh liners a good sign. I return to the media center, parched and head for the free Boeing water cooler. Empty. Soon Boeing will be handing out free water, but not yet. I fill up my empty McDonald’s coffee cup at the water cooler and drain it. Then I fill it again.

Noon, the guys who covered the astronaut’s arrival are back. One guy more or less staggers by me and says to someone else “I’m drained.” She says, “it’s pretty early in the day to be drained,” and I start thinking about how Carol Anne looked when she got back from the SLF a couple of weeks ago after photographing the arrival of the astronauts.

The Boeing Water Cooler from which one of NASA's prime contractors plies the press with chilled free water. But today the well is dry. Maybe tomorrow? A not-so-secret thing about the media is that they are chronic moochers.

12:30 pm, finishing up various projects and ready to wrap it up here for the day. Place is quiet. I have moved from my work space in the annex over and moved into a space assigned to Airplanista Magazine. Soon enough one of the NASA staff comes by putting down fresh sheets designated who gets what space. “Can I come home from the annex?” I ask. “Are you re-assigning?”


“Everybody is staying put, and that means you-in-the-annex.”

Okay. Got it.

And with that, it is time to find some food and clear out until tomorrow.

. . . . . . . . . .

UPDATES directly from NASA
use these links:

news on STS-134 from NASA web site is HERE


news on STS-135 from NASA web site is HERE

“petecrow / NASA” is copyright © 2011 by Seine/Harbour® Productions, LLC, Studio City, California, and by Peter Michael Crow and The Peter Michael Crow Trust.

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The STS-134 astronauts flew over to KSC on April 27, two days before the aborted launch. They were scheduled to return on May 12 to the Cape in hopes that the launch, now rescheduled for May 16, would go on time.

The April 29 launch of the Shuttle Endeavour has been scheduled, and re-scheduled several times, now to launch of the morning of Monday, May 16.

The pre-flight activities are beginning.

On Thursday, May 12, the Astronauts and their families will again fly from Houston to Kennedy Space Center.

On Friday, the Countdown will officially begin.

Start picking out your viewing sites.

photograph, Carol Anne Swagler for Seine/Harbour® Productions, © 2011

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